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Buildings and Equipment
Agricultural Building and Equipment Plan List
The University of Tennessee Extension maintains a file of nearly 300 building and equipment plans. Over 110 of our plans are now available in electronic format for download; the rest must be mailed. So please include your mailing address with your request.
Beef cattle behavior, handling and facilities design
This book contains the best corral layouts Dr. Grandin has developed during the last fifteen years. Many of these designs have been constructed on ranches and feedlots all over the U.S. and Canada. There are layouts for both small and large operations. For ranchers on a tight budget, there are economical designs which provide good sorting capabilities. A lack of pens and alleys for sorting is a major problem in some corral systems. Most of the designs have curved lanes, and round holding pens to facilitate handling. The two articles in this book explain the principles of cattle behavior and how it relates to corral design. In the back of the book there are details for gates, loading ramp, V chute and round crowd pen.
Building and Facility Plans
These building and facility plans were developed over many years by engineers at Land Grant universities. They provide conceptual information that is excellent for planning purposes. An abbreviated description of each plan is provided in each category listing of plans.
Buying a Packaged Farm Building
Package buildings are available in a variety of sizes and shapes, and they contain features that reflect both the needs of their intended use and the choice of their designer. Their purchase can be compared to that of a tractor or an automobile -- there are high-price models, economy units and usually a variety of optional accessories that add to the cost. This guide outlines some of the options and decisions you will have to make when shopping for and purchasing a package-type farm building.
Cattle Behavior During Handling and Corral Design for Ranches
This PDF, from Temple Grandin, presents principles of cattle behavior, techniques for working cattle, and detailed information about corral design which includes detailed drawings of corals.
Cattle Handling Facilities: Planning, Components, and Layouts
Cattle handling facilities are used to confine cattle safely and efficiently for close observation and to perform routine health and management procedures. Adequate facilities are an essential part of an efficient cattle operation for any producer.
Cattle Handling Facility Design for Meat Plants
In this YouTube video Temple Grandin explains the behavior principles for the design of race, chute, lairage, and stockyard systems in beef slaughter plants.
Construction of High Tensile Wire Fences
High-tensile fencing uses smooth 12-1/2 gauge wire with a yield strength of 200,000 pounds per square inch, or a strength of 1,600 pounds for each wire. Conventional fencing wire normally has a yield strength of less than 60,000 pounds per square inch.
Design of Cattle Stun Boxes and Conveyor Restrainers
In this YouTube Temple Grandin explains the behavior principles for humane slaughter and good animal welfare during captive bolt stunning in beef slaughter plants.
Design of Curved Cattle Corrals, Yards, Races, and Chutes
In this YouTube video Temple Grandin shows how to design curved cattle handling facilities for ranches, feedlots, and slaughter plants to reduce stress and improve animal welfare.
Dr. Temple Grandin's Web Page
A webpage that provides links to articles authored by Dr. Temple Grandin. Dr. Grandin has researched livestock behaviour during handling and transport, humane slaughter, the design of facilities and restraining systems.
Farm Fire Prevention and Safety
Fire prevention is critical on any farm, but sometimes overlooked until it is too late. The heat and smoke of fire, along with the toxic gases and rapid loss of oxygen, can kill quickly. Without prevention and safe management practices, you put your own life at risk as well as that of family members, employees and animals. Your farm buildings, equipment and livelihood can be wiped out in minutes. Safe management practices can make the difference.
Focus on Feedlots
Created in 1990 at Kansas State University to provide basic feedlot performance data for steers and heifers, and feed ingredient prices. Each month, closeout data from various Kansas feedlots are summarized to provide average values for days on feed, average daily gain, harvest weight, dry matter feed conversion, cost of gain, and death loss, as well as corn and alfalfa hay prices.
Handling Cattle Quietly in Pens
This YouTube video, from animal science professor Temple Grandin, discusses handling cattle quietly in pens.
Leasing Farm Buildings and Livestock Facilities Fact Sheet
Farm buildings and special use livestock facilities many times will outlast their intended use for which they were originally constructed in a farming operation. These buildings represent a valuable capital investment whose remaining value may not ever be utilized by the owner. Other farm operators may desire new or additional buildings or facilities but lack the capital needed to invest in new construction. Both parties could benefit from the development of a leasing arrangement where a lessee can utilize these existing farm buildings and livestock facilities in his or her farming operation. However, before such a mutually beneficial arrangement occurs, the owner and the lessee must agree on rental payments and the use and care of the property. Any lease arrangement should be built on honesty and trust, and should benefit both parties. This fact sheet is intended to explore and consider the factors involved in developing rental agreements for leases for farm buildings and specialized livestock facilities from the view of both the owner's and renter's perspective.
Livestock Handling Systems, Cattle Corrals, Stockyards, and Races
This section of Grandin.Com contains drawings of cattle corral designs with curved races. Curved cattle chutes are more efficient for handling cattle because they take advantage of the natural behavior of cattle. In the computer aided drawing section there are layout drawings of cattle yard designs for both large and small ranches and feedlots. There are also drawings of a cattle loading ramp for trucks, diagonal stockyard pens for cattle, and detail drawings of a single file race and cattle dip vat.
Missouri Beef Resource Guide - Facilities and Behavior
Provides information, resources and plans addressing beef cattle facilities. Information is available on evaluating your current animal handling system and providing ideas on how to improve your facility design.
Paddock Design, Fencing, and Water Systems for Controlled Grazing
Interest in controlled grazing is increasing throughout the U.S. Controlled grazing systems are economically feasible and more easily managed because of developments in fencing and water technology. This publication covers some of the basics of paddock design and current fencing and water technology. Paddock design needs to be based on landscape, land productivity, water availability, and the number and types of animals in the system. Water systems are more complex and expensive than fencing systems. Producers need to understand all the technology available before going to the expense of establishing a grazing system. A good way to explore the technology is by ordering catalogs from companies that sell fencing and/or water systems.
Planning and Building Fences on the Farm
Many innovations have occurred in the fencing industry in recent years, giving producers an array of options for fences to confine and protect livestock. Whether used as permanent, periphery boundaries, temporary pasture dividers or to encircle a house, fences need careful planning and construction for efficient usefulness, long life and low maintenance.
Planning Fencing Systems for Intensive Grazing Management
New advances in fencing technology provide the needed "tools" for an intensive grazing system. High tensile fence, brought to this country from New Zealand, offers an alternative to traditional woven and barbed wire for fence construction. Also, temporary electric fencing has recently been improved. Once you have evaluated resources and tools available, you can develop your fencing plan.
Planning for a Farm Storage Building
A farm storage building is a good investment for many agricultural operations. The building can be used to store hay, machinery, or both. As a result, the value of these commodities will be worth more than if left in the field. However, does the increased value of stored hay or machinery offset the cost of owning a building? The following discussion examines the costs and savings of owning a farm storage building.
Proper Operation of Cattle Squeeze Chutes
In this YouTube video Temple Grandin explains the behavior principles of restraining cattle in squeeze chutes to reduce stress and improve animal welfare during veterinary procedures.
Pumps and Watering Systems for Managed Beef Grazing
Water for beef cattle may come from wells, ponds, creeks, springs or public water supplies, although the last of these sources can be too costly for watering a large herd year-round. Wells are a prime source of water at the farmstead. However, cattle on pasture are usually watered from surface sources in Missouri. Keeping the animals from entering the water source will generally maintain higher water quality and result in better livestock production.
Shade Options for Grazing Cattle
Beef herds can also benefit from shade structures to reduce heat stress, thus improving feed efficiency and reproduction. In other situations, the need for shade must be balanced against the tendency for animals to congregate under the shade and thereby reduce feed intake. Includes a report on the Effects of Shade on Body Temperature and Production of Grazing Beef Cows.
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